Sleep quality, REM sleep behavior disorder and daytime sleepiness in adults with and without Parkinson's

Sleep Quality, RBD and sleepiness in Parkinson

  • Andrea Díaz Pacheco Sleep and Neuroscience Laboratory. Faculty of Psychology. Autonomous University of Yucatán.
  • Jesús Moo Estrella Sleep and Neuroscience Laboratory. Faculty of Psychology. Autonomous University of Yucatán.
Keywords: sleep quality, rem behavior disorder, excessive daytime sleepiness, parkinson’s disease

Abstract

In Parkinson's disease (PD), poor sleep quality and sleep disorders are central part of the non-motor symptoms. The aim was to compare sleep quality (SQ), REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among adults with and without Parkinson's disease (PD). A second objective was to know the relationship of SQ and RBD with EDS in patients with PD. Method. sixty adults (38 % women,  mean age 66.7 ± 8.11 years), 50 % with PD diagnosis and 50 % healthy controls, Instruments: Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Sleep Quality Pittsburgh Index and REM Behavioral Disorder Sleep Questionnaire, which was designed for this study. Results. Differences were found in SQ (PD = 9.90 ±4.47 vs Control group = 7.23 ±4.71, t = 2.25, p = .028), and the percentage of cases with symptoms of RBD (PD = 30%, control group = 6.7%, ji2 = 5.455, p = .020). No differences were found in EDS (PD = 7.43 ± 5.46 vs Control group = 6.50 ± 5.28, t = .673, p = .504). According to the linear regression analysis, the increase in EDS was not associated with SQ, EDS was only associated with RBD. Conclusion, the PD group presents a poor sleep quality and a higher prevalence of RBD symptoms. EDS did not differ between adults with and without PD. However, RBD was associated with an increase in EDS in the PD group.

Published
2021-06-02
How to Cite
Díaz Pacheco , A., & Moo Estrella, J. (2021). Sleep quality, REM sleep behavior disorder and daytime sleepiness in adults with and without Parkinson’s: Sleep Quality, RBD and sleepiness in Parkinson . Archivos De Neurociencias, 26(2), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.31157/archneurosciencesmex.v26i2.271
Section
Original Articles