Article Types

Contributions received for eventual publication in Archivos de Neurociencias must comply, without exception, with the guidelines that are detailed depending on the type of collaboration.

Original articles

They must be the original result of a research work, linked to the thematic areas of interest of the journal. The texts sent to this section must certify a rigorous peer review process, under the double-blind modality, the result of which will be unappealable in all cases. Appropriate methodological recommendations should be applied, see Reporting Guidelines below.

Original articles received for possible publication must have a maximum length of 3,000 words (from Background to Conclusions), 50 references, and 3 tables or figures. An abstract (maximum 250 words) must be included. Manuscripts must be structured in the following order:

  • Abstract
  • Background (≤1000 words)
  • Objectives
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • Funding sources
  • Conflicts of interest
  • References 
  • Supporting materials

Brief communication 

Short research articles describing preliminary findings whose relevance merits rapid publication. Also, studies consisting of the validation of instruments and methods. Short articles received for possible publication must have a maximum length of 1,500 words and 25 references. An abstract (maximum 150 words) must be included. Manuscript structure is the same as for Original articles. Appropriate methodological recommendations should be applied, see Reporting Guidelines below.

Evidence synthesis

These studies represent a detailed and critical review that integrates the essential information on a topic. It collects the most relevant information. All evidence syntheses are eligible for this section, including narrative reviews, bibliometric studies, scientometric studies, evidence (gap) maps, scoping reviews, systematic reviews (all types), and their protocols.

Manuscripts should adhere to standard methodologies, such as the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, the JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis, as well as the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The PRISMA 2020 statement should be complemmented with, at least, PRISMA-P, PRISMA-A, and PRISMA-S, among other extensions for different study types.

Careful must be taken for the appropriate use of the guidelines for either conducting or reporting reviews [i.e. stating that a systematic review was designed and/or conducted according to PRISMA (reporting guideline) is not accepted].

Maximum length must be 3,000 words for short reviews, 6000 for full-reviews, and 10,000 for systematic reviews. A maximum of 150 reference is allowed, as well as 6 figures or tables. An abstract (maximum 400 words) must be included. Manuscripts must be structured as original articles, but adapted to the methodological guidelines applied. 

Case report

Case reports or case series (with or without systematic or narrative literature reviews) of high scientific value that exemplify a high anatomical clinical correlation, the use of translational medicine or atypical or unusual presentations of neurological, neurosurgical or psychiatric diseases, will be considered. Clinical cases received for possible publication must have a maximum length of 2,000 words, 2 tables or figures, and 15 references. An abstract (maximum 250 words) must be included. Appropriate methodological recommendations should be applied, see Reporting Guidelines below. They must be structured in the following order:

  • Abstract
  • Background (≤1000 words)
  • Case presentation
  • Discussion and conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Funding sources
  • Conflicts of interest
  • References
  • Supporting materials

Research protocols

Protocols for clinical or experimental studies may be prospectively (before conducting the studies) submitted to Archivos de Neurociencias. Retrospective (after conducting the studies) submission is not allowed. In addition, the setting, validation, and standardization of research methodologies may also be accepted. Methods must be described as detailed as required to allow their accurate replication (i.e. 900 mg NaCl were dissolved in 35 ml of deionized water). Appropriate methodological recommendations should be applied, see Reporting Guidelines below. Protocols for Evidence Synthesis studies should be submitted as the appropriate manuscript type.

Manuscripts should be formatted as follows:

  • Abstract
  • Background (≤1000 words)
  • Objectives
  • Methods
  • Expected results
  • Possible relevance
  • Strengths and limitations of the protocol
  • Acknowledgements
  • Funding sources
  • Conflicts of interest
  • References 
  • Supporting materials

It should be mentioned if the protocol was previously registered (i.e. clinicaltrials.gov, Open Science Framework, or any other registry/platform). 

Letter to the editor

Those texts that aim to establish communication between the different specialists in the areas of neuroscience will be considered for publications. The texts sent to this section must have the approval of the Editor-in-Chief and/or Section Editor. Letters to the editor received for possible publication must have a maximum length of 1,000 words, one image or table, and 10 references. An abstract is not required. Four types of contributions are accepted in this section:

Brief reviews: regarding articles, books or texts of scientific content published on other sites that, in the opinion of the author, will impact the practice of neuroscience.

Preliminary research: brief summaries of research in the area of neurosciences with the aim of publicizing novel or potentially collaborative projects between doctors and scientists in Mexico and Latin America.

Profiles: short vignettes of neuroscientists who have made significant contributions to neuroscience.

Neurosciences, culture, and art: descriptions or observations of the influence of neurosciences on cultural and artistic expressions.

Neither case reports nor case series are acceptable for this section, those manuscripts must be submitted as the appropriate article type.

Editorial

This section is designed to express opinions about important scientific questions and hot topics in the field of the Neurosciences. It is aimed to promote debates across the public. Editorials may only be submitted by invitation or by the journal’s editors. Manuscripts should not exceed 1000 words, one figure or table, and 10 references. An abstract is not required.

Teaching images

Interesting images relevant to nervous system pathologies across the field of Neurosciences. The manuscript must include a clinical vignette with the relevant features. They should contain no more than 500 words, 2 images and 5 references. An abstrat is not required.

Neuroscience History and Philosophy

In this section, historical articles that do not present the characteristics of an original research will be considered. This section is reserved for essay-type articles that may include Notes, Reviews, Sketches, and others. Manuscripts structure and extension should be the same as Letters to the Editor.

Reporting Guidelines

Authors are strongly encouraged to apply appropriate Reporting Guidelines according to the study type submitted. Several of thos Guidelines may be retrieved from the EQUATOR Network website. Some exaples are listed below:

  • CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials
  • The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies
  • The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews
  • SPIRIT 2013 Statement: Defining standard protocol items for clinical trials
  • STARD 2015: An Updated List of Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies
  • The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development
  • The AGREE Reporting Checklist: a tool to improve reporting of clinical practice guidelines
  • Standards for reporting qualitative research (SRQR): a synthesis of recommendations
  • The ARRIVE Guidelines 2.0: updated guidelines for reporting animal research
  • Transparent reporting of a multivariable prediction model for individual prognosis or diagnosis (TRIPOD): The TRIPOD statement
  • Gasparyan AY, et al. Writing a narrative biomedical review: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors. Rheumatol Int. 2011;31(11):1409-1417.